The Invent with Python Blog

Thu 18 November 2010

Code Comments Tutorial: Tetromino

Posted by Al Sweigart in pygame   

Welcome to the Code Comments Tutorial for Tetromino, a Tetris clone. Code Comments is a series of simple games with detailed comments in the source code, so you can see how the game works.

The text in between the triple-double-quotes are comments (technically they are multi-line strings, but Python uses them for multi-line comments). The Python interpreter ignores any text in between them, so we can add any comments about the source code without affecting the program. In general for Code Comments, the comments will describe the lines of code above the comment. It helps to view this file either on the Code Comments site or with a text editor that does "syntax highlighting", so that the comments appear in a separate color and are easier to distinguish from the code.

This Code Comments assumes you know some basic Python programming. If you are a beginner and would like to learn computer programming, there is a free book online called "Invent Your Own Computer Games with Python" at

The Code Comments programs make references to sections of this book throughout the program. This Code Comments can also teach you how to use the Pygame library to make your own games with graphics, animation, and sound. You can download Pygame from and view its documentation.

You can make some easy modifications to the game by changing the all-caps constant variables (such as WINDOWWIDTH, FPS, BLOCKSIZE, etc.) This code uses global variables instead of object oriented programming in order to make it simple to understand.

Tetromino source code with comments.

tetrisb.mid background music. (required)

tetrisc.mid background music. (required)

Tetromino source code without comments.

Tetromino .exe executable Windows binary (no need to download Python & Pygame)

How To Play Tetromino:

Move and rotate the falling blocks for as long as possible. The falling rate will increase the longer you play. If the blocks fill up to the top, you lose.